In an era of dark-horse politics, when outsiders or new parties have won power in the United States, France, Italy, Mexico, Brazil, and elsewhere over the past three years, it’s hard to be surprised when voters choose to change. But the political transformation in Ukraine is something different. It’s a response to the hyper-aggressive foreign policy of the country’s giant neighbor to the east. It’s a reflection of Russia’s failure to steer events inside a country that has served for centuries as its junior partner. It’s also an opportunity for Ukrainians to make a fresh start.
First came Volodymyr Zelensky. It’s not just that a man best known as the comedian who plays Ukraine’s president on TV was able to beat the actual incumbent president and a former prime minister to win a national election. It’s that he did it with 73 percent of the vote, the highest percentage yet recorded in post-Soviet Ukraine’s brief history with presidential elections. Then, aware that he could accomplish little without a sweeping change in the Rada, Ukraine’s parliament, Zelensky called early elections.
Next came last weekend’s parliamentary election victory for Servant of the People, the political party that Zelensky created and named for his television show. Defying expert predictions, the party managed to win a majority of Rada seats. No party had done that before. There will also be lawmakers outside his party that will support Zelensky’s agenda if only to bask in the new president’s reflected glow. But Zelensky won’t have to depend on them as he takes what are sure to be a series of tough decisions intended to reform Ukraine’s broken economy and dirty politics.
Russian officials are watching closely…and might be feeling a little powerless. Five years after Ukrainian protesters forced former president Viktor Yanukovych, Moscow’s then-man in Kyiv, to flee to Russia, the Kremlin has had little success in regaining a foothold in Ukraine’s politics. Crimea remains in Russian hands, but Vladimir Putin has lost the popularity boost he got by invading it. Russia continues to back separatists in the Ukrainian provinces along the Ukrainian-Russian border, but the insurrections there have not forced big concessions from Kyiv or prevented a deepening of Ukraine’s political and economic ties with Europe.